Mountain West Water Institute Affiliated Researchers

MWWI has compiled brief bios of its researchers to promote collaboration between institutions. Currently Idaho National Laboratory researchers are the only researchers available in the system but it is anticipated that other MWWI affiliated researchers will be added to the system at a later time. Researcher can be searched by institution or by name. Information for each researcher includes:

  • Short Bio
  • Research Interests
  • Current Research Areas
  • Publications and/or Accomplishments

Click on a researchers name to access detailed information. For contact information for a specific researcher please contact one of the MWWI contacts on the "Contact Information" page.

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Carl Palmer
Idaho National Laboratory

Carl Palmer has twenty eight years experience conducting research on aqueous geochemistry, solute transport, and hydrogeology including identification of phases affecting solute transport, measurement of thermodynamic properties of chromium-enriched phases at waste sites, rates of redox transformations, installation and monitoring of wells in clay tills, heat transport in porous media, and bioavailability of cesium in the rhizosphere. He also has fifteen years experience teaching aqueous geochemistry, subsurface hydrology, and groundwater modeling. He has 33 referred publications, 1 book chapter, and has given over 80 presentations.


Ph.D. Hydrogeology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
M.S. Geology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
B.S. Geology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
B.S. Mathematics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 

Water-Related Research Interests

  • Environmental aspects of unconventional fossil fuels development including oil shale
  • Tracer testing of geothermal systems
  • Geothermometry

Publications and Activities

Conference Presentations

1Palmer, C.D., J. Little , E.D. Mattson, 2011.  Geochemical Evolution of Piceance Basin Groundwater During Heating.  2011 Oil Shale Symposium, October 17-21, 2011, Colorado School of Mines Golden, Colorado (accepted)
2Mitchell A. Plummer, Carl D. Palmer, Earl D. Mattson, Laurence C. Hull, “A Reactive Tracer Analysis Method for Monitoring Thermal Drawdown in Geothermal Reservoirs”, Thirty-Sixth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 31 - February 2, 2011, SGP-TR-191
3Palmer, C.D., E. Mattson, R.B. Perkins, 2010.  Aqueous and mineralogical changes during hydrous oil shale retorting.  2010 Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, Oct. 31-Nov. 3, 2010
4Mattson, E.D., C.D., Palmer, R.W. Smith, and M. Flury, 2010.  Centrifuge techniques and apparatus for transport experiments in porous media.  7th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics.  Technical Committee 2, International Society of Soil Mechanics and Geotechical Engineering, June 28-July 1 2010, Zurich, Switzerland
5Mattson, E., C.D. Palmer E. Johnson, H. Huang, T. Wood, 2009.  Permeability changes of fractured oil shale cores during retorting. 29th Oil Shale Symposium, October 19-21, 2009, Colorado School of Mines, Golden Colorado
6Palmer*, C.D., E. Mattson, R.B. Perkins, M. Plummer, T. Wood, 2009.  Spatial distribution of geochemical changes about an oil shale retort.  Abstract.  29th Oil Shale Symposium, October 19-21, 2009, Colorado School of Mines, Golden Colorado
7Palmer, C.D., E. Mattson, 2008.  Dissolved constituents in water from hydrous retort experiments.  2008 Oil Shale Conference, Colorado School of Mines, Golden CO, October 13-16, 2008

Selected Publications

1Mattson, E. D. K. E. Baker, C. D. Palmer, C. R. Breckenridge, J. M. Svoboda, and R. W. Smith, 2006.  A Flexible Moisture Content Probe for Unsaturated Soil Column Experiments.  Vadose Zone Journal, 5: 805-808
2Wendling, L. A., J. B. Harsh, C. D. Palmer, M. A. Hamilton, T. E. Ward, J. S. Boyle, M. Flury, 2005.  “Cesium desorption from Illite as Affected by Exudates from Rhizosphere Bacteria.”  Environmental Science and Technology, 39:  4505-4512
3Wendling, L.A., J. B. Harsh, C. D. Palmer, M. Flury. 2005 “Rhizosphere Effects on Cesium Fixation of Soils Containing Micaeous Clays.” Soil Science Society of America Journal, 69: 1652-1657
4Baron, D. and C. D. Palmer, 2002.  “Solid solution/aqueous solution reactions between jarosite and its chromate analog.”  Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 66(16): 2841-2853
5Perkins, R. B. and C. D. Palmer, 2001.  “Solubility of 3CaO•Al2O3•CaCrO4•nH2O, the chromate analog of monosulfate; 5-75ºC.”  Cement and Concrete Research, 31: 983-992
6Palmer, C. D., 2000.  “Precipitates in a Cr(VI)-contaminated concrete.”  Environmental Science and Technology, 34: 4185-4192
7Wittbrodt, P. R. and C. D. Palmer, 1997.  “Reduction of Cr(VI) by Soil Humic Acids.”  European Journal of Soil Science, March, 47: 151-162
8Wittbrodt, P. R. and C. D. Palmer, 1995. “Reduction of Cr(VI) in the Presence of Excess Fulvic Acid.”  Environmental Science and Technology, 29, 255-263
9Palmer, C. D., and R. W. Puls. 1994 “Natural Attenuation of Hexavalent Chromium in Groundwater and Soils.”  USEPA Ground Water Issue Paper, EPA/540/S-94/505, 13 p
10Palmer, C. D., 1993. “Borehole Dilution Tests in the Vicinity of an Extraction Well.”  Journal of Hydrology,  146: 245-266
11Molson, J. W., E. O. Frind, and C. D. Palmer, 1992.  “Injection and Storage of Heated Water in an Unconfined Aquifer, 2. Model Development and Validation.”  Water Resources Research, 28(10): 2857-2867
12Palmer, C. D., D. W. Blowes, E. O. Frind, and J. W. Molson, 1992.  “Injection and Storage of Heated Water in and Unconfined Aquifer, 1. Experimental Results.”  Water Resources Research, 28(10):  2845-2856
13Palmer, C. D. and W. Fish, 1991.  “Chemical Enhancements to Pump-and-Treat.”  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Groundwater Issue Paper, EPA/540/S-92/001
14Palmer, C. D., and P. R. Wittbrodt, 1990.  “Processes Affecting the remediation of Chromium Contaminated Sites.”  Environmental Health Perspectives, 92: 25-40