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Closing the Fuel Cycle

AFCI is an international effort that will reduce proliferation risks and make robust power generation a reality for partner nations.

DOE Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative 

The mission and focus of the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative Program is to enable the safe, secure, economic and sustainable expansion of nuclear energy by conducting research, development, and demonstration focused on nuclear fuel recycling and waste management to meet U.S. needs.


  • Continue critical fuel cycle Research & Development (R&D) activities
  • Pursue development of policy and regulatory framework to support fuel cycle closure
  • Determine and develop R&D infrastructure needed to mature technologies
  • Establish advanced modeling and simulation program element
  • Implement a science based R&D program  


Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative technical challenges

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Department of energy

DOE Office of Nuclear Energy
DOE-Idaho Office