The Office of Spent Fuel Management was created to plan and coordinate the management of Department of Energy-owned spent nuclear fuel. It was established as a result of a 1992 decision to stop spent nuclear fuel reprocessing and was chartered to safely and efficiently manage Department of Energy-owned spent nuclear fuel and prepare it for disposal. The Spent Nuclear Fuel Program is based upon numerous program drivers and must be managed in accordance with them. These drivers have origins in laws, regulations, policies, and agreements at the federal, state, and local levels. The drivers serve two purposes. They establish the structure in which the program must work to accomplish its goals, and they dictate what the program must do. The major program drivers are listed below.
In general, the requirements have their origins in:
Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulations and guidance
Waste Acceptance System Requirements Document contains Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System Waste Acceptance Criteria for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. These criteria are based on the best available data and repository designs as of publication.
The Record of Decision of the DOE Programmatic SNF Management and INL Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Programs Final Environmental Impact Statement, May 1995; Including the Amendment, March 1996
Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended; Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 These laws and their implementing regulations (primarily in 10 CFR Chapter 1) specify the fundamental framework for the safety and licensing of nuclear activities and facilities for both domestic and foreign applicants. The functions of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission are identified in the Energy Reorganization Act.
National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 This law and its implementing regulations in 40 CFR 1500-1508 (on a government-wide basis) and 10 CFR 1021 (for DOE) specify the requirements for soliciting public participation in all federal actions that impact the environment. In conjunction with the passage of this law, a Presidential Order was issued in 1970 specifying the formation of the Environmental Protection Agency.